Ice Hockey Playing Rules and Equipment

Ice hockey is a team sport which, like most games, involves two opponent teams. From its name, you can tell that the game is played on ice. The playing area is known as a rink. Players follow the game’s rules, and there is specific equipment that is essential before getting into the rink. Most equipment is meant to ensure the safety of the players due to the slipperiness of the surface and the fact that they play with sticks. The rules and equipment comprise of the following.


Ice hockey is played by six players a side; one goaltender and five players who can all be involved in goal scoring.

A faceoff is used to start the game in the centre circle. A faceoff is a situation where the game referee drops the puck with two opposing players waiting to win the puck for their team. In case of a stoppage, a faceoff is used to resume the game.

Ice hockey players are allowed to use their physicality to win the puck.

There are Minor Penalties in the game. The penalties result from tripping an opponent using your stick, body-checking a player with no puck and holding an opponent’s stick or hand. If a player commits a minor penalty, s/he gets sent off the rink for two minutes. If the opponents score within the two minutes, the suspended player can get back into play.

Major Fouls result in a major penalty. The penalty for a major foul is being out of the rink for five minutes. The penalty arises from actions such as fighting, causing serious injury on opponents and committing several minor fouls.


1. Hockey Pucks

A hockey puck is a disc-shaped thing used for playing and scoring goals in the ice hockey game. It is made of vulcanized rubber and serves as a ball.

2. Sticks

The name can tell you that it’s a stick-like object used to hit the puck.

3. Skates

Hockey skates help players to move around the rink while playing the winter sport.

4. Helmets and Gloves

Gloves are worn on the hands during the game. The helmet on the head shields players from being hit by the puck and sticks. It also shields the head in case of a fall. Some helmets have visors or cages; it all depends on the league and the player’s age.

Other necessary equipment is neck guard, mouth guard, elbow and shoulder pads, socks and shorts.